CSS Button No Image Css3Menu.com

Baseball Prospectus home
  
  
Click here to log in Click here for forgotten password Click here to subscribe

Premium and Super Premium Subscribers Get a 20% Discount at MLB.tv!

<< Previous Article
Premium Article Collateral Damage: Ano... (06/08)
<< Previous Column
Premium Article Prospectus Hit and Run... (06/02)
Next Column >>
Premium Article Prospectus Hit and Run... (06/10)
Next Article >>
Premium Article Future Shock: 10 Draft... (06/08)

June 8, 2011

Prospectus Hit and Run

Anatomy of a Collapse

by Jay Jaffe

It has been a miserable season thus far for the Twins, but since the calendar flipped to June, they’ve shown signs of life. On the heels of a three-game sweep by the Tigers, the two-time defending AL Central champions rebounded to take four straight from the Royals in Kansas City, then kicked off a three-game series in Cleveland with a 6-4 win, their fifth straight. Their streak ended on Tuesday with a 1-0 loss to the Indians, but where they were 20 games under .500 and 16.5 out at the close of play on June 1, they’re now 16 under (22-38) and 12.5 out. While their performance to date still qualifies as the team's worst start since 1995, the run offers the faintest flicker of hope that the club can climb back into the AL Central race.

Coming off a 94-68 season—their best since 2006—the Twins were forecast to be in the thick of another three-way scrum in the Central, with PECOTA pegging them as a .505 team (roughly 82-80), a narrow third behind the Tigers and White Sox. Projected to rank seventh in the league in scoring, the offense instead ranked 12th at 3.75 runs per game amid a slew of injuries and underperformances. Through Monday, they also ranked 12th in batting average (.243), 13th in on-base percentage (.303), slugging percentage (.349), and home runs (35), and dead last in isolated power (.106). Meanwhile, the pitching staff ranked 13th in runs allowed per game (4.95) and strikeouts per nine (5.8).

It has taken a perfect storm of bad luck and bad performance for the Twins to play down to this level, but nonetheless, it's clear that general manager Bill Smith and the rest of the organization made numerous mistakes in preparing for this season, mistakes that have compounded their misfortunes to make a bad situation so much worse. What follows are the five biggest ones.

1. Misevaluating Joe Mauer
The 2009 AL MVP spent last season battling shoulder, heel, and knee injuries, and while he steered clear of the disabled list, he needed off-season surgery to alleviate irritation caused by the plica band, a fold of tissue in the lining of his left knee joint. Since he didn't go under the knife until mid-December, he wasn't fully recovered by the time camp opened, and didn't catch his first Grapefruit League game until March 19. He was significantly less than full strength as the season opened, and caught just nine games before landing on the disabled list with bilateral leg weakness exacerbated by a viral infection. Further slowed by shoulder issues—problems that have come as part of a cascade that Mauer believes began with his April 2010 heel woes—he’s now catching in extended spring training but is no imminent threat to begin a rehab assignment.

Losing an MVP-caliber bat is bad enough, but worse is the fact that the Twins have gotten just a .150/.186/.224 line from Drew Butera, who has started 31 of the team's games; his .157 True Average is the majors' lowest among players with at least 100 plate appearances. Throw in Rene Rivera, Steve Holm, and the minimal production from a weakened Mauer, and Twins catchers have combined to hit .178/.229/.252—far inferior to Livan Hernandez's career mark (.221/.231/.297)—while stinking at a level roughly one win below replacement level. In light of what the Twins should have known about Mauer's injuries, their lack of major league-caliber backup—which the 27-year-old Butera, who hit .197/.237/.296in 155 PA last year, decidedly ain’t—is inexcusable, as is the way they rushed their star to be ready for Opening Day.

2. The Middle Infield Muddle
Over the winter, the Twins let starting second baseman Orlando Hudson depart as a free agent, and traded starting shortstop J.J. Hardy to the Orioles in a four-player deal for Not Much Beyond Salary Relief (reliever Jim Hoey, and a 24-year-old who'd never thrown above High-A, Brett Jacobson). Hardy wasn’t great as a Twin, hitting .268/.320/.394 while limited to 101 games due to three stints on the disabled list, but his 2.0 WARP was enough to justify the $5.85 million salary he received from Baltimore in his final year of arbitration eligibility.

The Twins chose to turn one middle-infield job over to Alexi Casilla, a homegrown 26-year-old who in parts of five seasons had hit just .249/.306/.327 in over 1,000 plate appearances while irritating the brass with a seemingly never-ending series of mental lapses and lack-of-hustle incidents. They signed 26-year-old Japanese free agent Tsuyoshi Nishioka for the other spot; the three-time NPB Gold Glove winner and 2010 batting champion has drawn unflattering comparisons to Kaz Matsui and earned a reputation for fragility. Manager Ron Gardenhire spent spring training trying to figure out which players belonged where; concerned about their import's arm strength, they moved Nishioka from shortstop (where he played exclusively in Japan) to second, and placed Casilla, who had yet to show himself to be particularly adept at the keystone, to short. Nishioka's inexperience at second quickly manifested itself in costly fashion; six games into the season, he suffered a broken fibula via a Nick Swisher takeout slide after straddling the base for too long on a potential double play.

Casilla has been a mild surprise, hitting .255/.327/.342 for a .257 True Average, 23 points higher than his weighted mean PECOTA projection. He has been above average with the leather while splitting time between second and short, and ranks second among the team's hitters in WARP, which says more about his teammates than it does about him. Alas, the other infielders—Matt Tolbert, Luke Hughes, Trevor Plouffe, even Michael Cuddyer—have combined to hit .204/.257/.327, netting out at zero WARP. With their subpar defense, the Twins’ .696 Defensive Efficiency Ratio lags six points below the league average, a costly shortfall given the staff's propensity for pitching to contact. Perhaps the D will improve with Nishioka's return; he has just begun his rehab assignment, and will reportedly return to shortstop upon rejoining the Twins.

3. Doubling Down on Carl Pavano
The oft-injured Pavano enjoyed his best season since 2004 last year, throwing 221 innings with a 3.75 ERA as the staff workhorse. Posting the league's second-best walk rate (1.5 per nine) and a career-best ground-ball rate (53.1 percent), he overcame a pedestrian strikeout rate (4.8 per nine, the fourth-lowest among AL ERA qualifiers) and got by with a little help from his friends (.283 BABIP). Given his newfound propensity for durability—he threw 199 1/3 innings in 2009—the Twins rewarded Pavano with a two-year, $16.5 million deal. While the pitcher has shown up for work regularly enough to lead the staff in innings, his strikeout rate has plummeted to 3.4 per nine, and his strikeout-to-walk ratio has dipped from 3.2 to 1.8, offsetting a lower home-run rate. Given a BABIP that has risen 24 points relative to league average, his ERA is a beefy 4.83, and his SIERA is nearly a full run higher than last year (5.02, compared to 4.14), second-to-last among the team's starters.

4. More Rotation Frustration
With Pavano returning, the Twins claimed a surplus of competent starters, with righties Scott Baker, Nick Blackburn, and Kevin Slowey and lefties Francisco Liriano and Brian Duensing competing for the other four spots. The team initially floated the idea of trading Liriano at a time when his stock was high, coming off his best campaign since his 2006 rookie season. By mid-March, Gardenhire anointed Blackburn as one of his starting five, a curious move given his unimpressive 2010 numbers (5.42 ERA, 3.8 strikeouts per nine), even if he did finish on a hot streak.

Ultimately, Slowey lost out on the final spot despite his proclivity for both missing bats (a career 6.9 K/9) and throwing strikes (1.5 per nine, for a stellar 4.6 K/BB ratio); an extreme fly-baller, he has always been rather homer-prone (1.4 per nine), and hardly durable, topping out at 28 starts in 2010, and never throwing more than 160 1/3 innings. The Twins could have traded him, but instead he has battled shoulder and abdominal injuries while vocalizing his displeasure over his role, circumstances that have eroded his value as a trade chip. Widely viewed as finished in the Twin Cities, he’s wiling away his time in extended spring training.

Despite throwing a no-hitter on May 3, Liriano has done little for his own trade value either, racking up a 5.73 ERA and an unappealing 1.1 K/BB ratio, and serving time on the DL due to shoulder inflammation; he was just activated on Monday. In all, this supposedly deep unit's 4.36 ERA and 5.7 K/9 both rank 13th in the league, and their 49 percent quality start rate is tied for 12th.

5. Not Enough Big Bats
Once upon a time in a land far, far away—the first half of 2010, say—the Twins had a logjam at the left end of the defensive spectrum. They had an All-Star first baseman putting up MVP-caliber numbers in Justin Morneau, a 24-year-old former top prospect who appeared to have turned a corner in Delmon Young, two players coming off 2009 career years in Cuddyer (versatile enough to plug in around the infield) and Jason Kubel (better suited to DH, and shielded from lefties), and a 39-year-old legend enjoying a renaissance in Jim Thome. Then Morneau suffered a severe concussion that cost him the entire second half of 2010. Thome rose to the occasion with a season for the ages, and while Young finished with career-best numbers, both Cuddyer and Kubel fell off considerably. The Twins brought back Thome for just $3 million (a move I lauded at the time), but did nothing else to fortify their bench in the event Morneau struggled in his return.

And struggle Morneau has, hitting .232/.286/.345 for a .224 TAv, which ranks 25th out of 26 first basemen with at least 150 PA. Last week he revealed that he has been dealing with a pinched nerve in his neck, which has caused weakness in his shoulder. Kubel (.310/.355/.465) has rebounded to become the team's most productive regular, but he just went on the disabled list due to a sprained foot. Cuddyer (.264/.326/.399) continues to slip, and Young's performance has completely collapsed; he's hitting .223/.255/.270 while battling mechanical woes and an oblique strain. Thome (.237/.372/.447) has hit well when available, but oblique and quad strains have limited him to just 94 plate appearances.

In all, the aforementioned players gave the Twins a .283/.348/.505 performance over 2,234 plate appearances in 2009, and thanks to the addition of Thome, spread similarly high-quality production (.284/.356/.490) across an even larger footprint of 2,558 PA in 2010. This year, they're down at .257/.316/.383, and lo and behold, the team has nothing remotely resembling a power hitter to add to the equation; slap-happy Ben Revere, recalled to replace Thome on the roster, has hit just .278/.304/.296 in his limited exposure.

Though other serious problems have befallen the Twins, none could have been anticipated to the extent of the aforementioned five. The bullpen—which shed mainstays Jesse Crain, Matt Guerrier, and Jon Rauch via free agency but regained Joe Nathan in his return from Tommy John surgery—has been lit for a league-worst 5.15 ERA, and the team is just 17-8 when leading after seven innings, a shortfall of 4.8 wins relative to the major-league average. Nathan struggled so mightily that he was quickly displaced as closer by fill-in Matt Capps, who was retained to account for just such a likelihood. The two have converted just 11 out of 17 save opportunities, and Nathan is now on the DL with a flexor strain. Third baseman Danny Valencia, who enjoyed a strong rookie season last year, is hitting just .219/.282/.335. The rash of injuries has forced the team to use the DL 13 times, which is tied for second in the majors, and that may climb if Denard Span's collision-induced dizziness turns out to be a concussion.

As for that five-game winning streak, it's worth noting that while the Twins received four quality starts as the rotation pitched to a 2.31 ERA, the starters struck out only 4.1 per nine, not exactly a recipe for sustainable success. Furthermore, four of the five wins came against a team that had lost 13 of 18 coming in, one that has the majors' worst run differential over the last month by a country mile. The Playoff Odds still give the Twins a 2.0 percent chance of making the postseason—smack dab between the likelihoods of the Orioles and Mariners, and nobody's sprinting to Vegas to lay money down on them. Even with that mini-surge, the team is likely to do little more than play out the string over the next four months. Hopefully, their front office will absorb some of this season’s harsh lessons as they do.Paste post text here 

 

Jay Jaffe is an author of Baseball Prospectus. 
Click here to see Jay's other articles. You can contact Jay by clicking here

Related Content:  The Streak,  The Who,  Twins,  Year-to-date,  Bad Season,  Quad-a

17 comments have been left for this article.

<< Previous Article
Premium Article Collateral Damage: Ano... (06/08)
<< Previous Column
Premium Article Prospectus Hit and Run... (06/02)
Next Column >>
Premium Article Prospectus Hit and Run... (06/10)
Next Article >>
Premium Article Future Shock: 10 Draft... (06/08)

RECENTLY AT BASEBALL PROSPECTUS
Premium Article What You Need to Know: August 29, 2014
Premium Article Pebble Hunting: This Article Mentions Fehlan...
Premium Article The Prospectus Hit List: Friday, August 29
Premium Article The Call-Up: Dilson Herrera
Premium Article Minor League Update: Games of Thursday, Augu...
Prospectus Feature: Roast A Parks
Premium Article Raising Aces: Mis-Priced

MORE FROM JUNE 8, 2011
Premium Article Future Shock: 10 Draft Guys We Rushed to Jud...
Premium Article Collateral Damage: Another Aching Athletic
Clubhouse Confidential: Speaking from Experi...
Premium Article The Asian Equation: The Futile Quest for the...
Premium Article On the Beat: A Giant Late Bloomer
Fantasy Article Fantasy Beat: Bringing Them Home

MORE BY JAY JAFFE
2011-06-15 - Prospectus Hit and Run: The Big Gamble
2011-06-13 - Premium Article Prospectus Hit List: AL: Tense Times
2011-06-10 - Premium Article Prospectus Hit and Run: The Trials of Joba
2011-06-08 - Prospectus Hit and Run: Anatomy of a Collaps...
2011-06-07 - Premium Article Prospectus Hit List: NL: Something Brewin'
2011-06-02 - Premium Article Prospectus Hit and Run: Ain't it Grand(erson...
2011-06-01 - Premium Article Prospectus Hit and Run: Westward Huh?
More...

MORE PROSPECTUS HIT AND RUN
2011-06-17 - Premium Article Prospectus Hit and Run: Of Birds and Bats
2011-06-15 - Prospectus Hit and Run: The Big Gamble
2011-06-10 - Premium Article Prospectus Hit and Run: The Trials of Joba
2011-06-08 - Prospectus Hit and Run: Anatomy of a Collaps...
2011-06-02 - Premium Article Prospectus Hit and Run: Ain't it Grand(erson...
2011-06-01 - Premium Article Prospectus Hit and Run: Westward Huh?
2011-05-26 - Prospectus Hit and Run: Buster Posey Busted
More...

INCOMING ARTICLE LINKS
2011-12-06 - Premium Article Prospectus Hit and Run: Ministry of Marlin M...
2011-08-26 - Premium Article Prospectus Hit and Run: Requiem for a Race
2011-06-29 - Premium Article Prospectus Hit List: AL: Welcome to the Part...
2011-06-13 - Premium Article Prospectus Hit List: AL: Tense Times