No matter how much baseball we watch, no matter how much we think we know, we’re always surprised by something. Whether it’s the underperformance or the ability to exceed expectations of a certain player or team, every new season always brings about something that makes one wonder how it’s happening. It seems as though the San Francisco Giants are able to repeatedly be that team, although they do seem to limit it to some sort of even-year magic.

Of course, the even- and odd-year stuff holds no water; this is a legitimately strong team. When they rebounded from a 3-9 start to get to 10 games over .500 in late May, I decided to take a look at what was going on with them this season. To my surprise, after years of seeing a dominant pitching staff carry the Giants into the playoffs, it was the offense that was the strength of this year’s team.

“Surely this can’t last,” I said to myself. Yes, Buster Posey is a former MVP and Hunter Pence’s return from injury certainly helps things, but was Brandon Belt actually going to deliver some consistency after years of promise? Guys like Matt Duffy, Brandon Crawford, and Joe Panik were far exceeding the offensive potential anyone outside of the Giants organization could have possibly projected for them. I could only assume they’d come crashing back to earth.

Sure enough, by early July, the Giants had scuffled and found themselves back at .500—the odd-year struggles were back. But even during a down period, the offense never really went away, and the Giants charged back into the playoff race and comfortably over .500. And Duffy, Crawford, and Panik? If anything, they’ve gotten better since May. Panik hit the DL on August 1st, slashing .309/.374/.443 when he went on the shelf. Duffy has an impressive .307 TAv, putting him firmly in the discussion for NL Rookie of the Year, and Crawford has tapped into power that no one realized he ever had. He’s blown by his previous career-high 10 home runs with 19 through 114 games with a .225 ISO, good for 11th in the NL, and easily tops among all shortstops in the game.

While none of this trio ever found themselves on a top-100 list, Crawford and Panik were at least talked about as legitimate candidates to stick in the big leagues for one reason or another. Duffy, on the other hand, was completely off the prospect radar, despite posting an OPS well above .800 in his two full seasons in the minors in 2013 and 2014.

“I think it’s always fun to prove people wrong and it’s fun to prove myself right, because I always believed I could do it, whatever other people said,” said Duffy, who found himself on the Giants' roster during the stretch run last summer and getting some at-bats in the playoffs. “But at the same time, I think it’s kind of an advantage to fly under that radar a little bit because you get overlooked in the scouting report, you get overlooked in whatever it is. My old coach from college talked to me this offseason and he talked about when I faced Jason Vargas, because Vargas went to Long Beach State as well. And (Vargas) said, ‘Yeah, we spent like 10 seconds on him in the scouting report just not even thinking about him.’ And I did well that game. But it’s not really at the forefront of my mind thinking I need to prove those guys wrong, I’m just going out there and playing my game and going out and helping the team win. If I prove some people right, great, and if I prove them wrong, so be it. Everybody has their opinion.”

While Duffy was overlooked for a short while, he admitted that was no longer the case. With great teammates who lead by example like Posey and Pence, he watches how they work and tries to learn how to recognize when the opposition has made an adjustment to him and to react to that adjustment as quickly as possible. But when asked what the key was to why so many offensive players in this organization are able to suddenly break through their projected ceilings once they reach the big leagues, Duffy was quick to answer.

“Bam-Bam [Hensley Meulens], our hitting coach, he needs to get a lot of credit for that,” Duffy said. “He does a great job of knowing when it’s a good time to work hard and knowing, hey, we got a long stretch coming up, take it easy, maybe it’s best if you just relax, play the game, and don’t think too much. And other times it’s let’s get in the cage, let’s work on your hips, firing, staying on your legs, whatever it is—it’s all on an individual basis, obviously. But he deserves a ton of credit in helping out improvement and our development as players.”

Meulens said he’s worked with Duffy on his hands having a little bit of a drift forward during his at-bats, something he still does but is correcting little by little. But right now it’s not significantly hurting Duffy’s performance, and the two continue to work to rectify the issue and improve the rookie’s performance.

“I have a different philosophy for every guy because they’re all different,” Meulens said about working with the team’s offense. “I try to give them what’s necessary for each game against each different pitcher. For the young guys coming up, there’s a lot of information—probably an information overload. I try to keep them away from it and get them to realize that the success they had to get here, they should continue to use it, unless there is something obvious that I want them to see, then I’ll show them that. I try to keep it simple, I try to have them get a feel for the game, and get a feel for the at-bat and try to make in-at-bat adjustments to what they see, instead of looking at all the numbers and overthinking what’s coming. That’s one approach we have with basically everybody, but especially the young guys.”

Information overload is something many coaches talk about when trying to reconcile the old-school principles of coaching and the new-age philosophy of implementing advanced statistics and numbers into the game. While the latter is undoubtedly important and something coaches, especially the manager, should be aware of, Meulens’ point that it needs to be given to players, especially young ones, in small doses if at all, is an important one to recognize. While the numbers are important and they may come in handy in deciding what adjustments to make, how these things are communicated to players is the key.

Perhaps Meulens’ most surprising pupil is Crawford. When the slick-fielding shortstop was called up, it was because the Giants were desperate for someone to man the position, and while Crawford’s bat wasn’t ready, his glove certainly was.

“We knew his bat wasn’t (ready),” Meulens told me. “Just like Duffy, he had a big glide and drift forward with a big leg kick. He was getting beat with every fastball. We gradually slowed that down to where his foot was closer to the ground; his hands were way up and they’re by his shoulders now, so he can just pick it up and go, a much shorter route to the pitch. He’s loading correctly now, meaning that he’s getting to his backside and he’s able to explode—that’s why you see the power numbers.”

The changes have led to Crawford’s OPS jumping every season in the big leagues, with this season’s .821 marking a career high. Part of Meulens’ philosophy is to avoid getting to two strikes since the advantage clearly goes to the pitcher when that’s the case. According to Meulens, Crawford understands the strike zone better now and is more aggressive (he preaches to his hitters that he wants them to attack fastballs and try to avoid those two-strike situations), which—along with the mechanical changes—has really helped him tap into his power. After setting a career-high walk rate for a full season in 2014 (10.5 percent) while for the most part avoiding offering at pitches outside of the zone, Crawford is taking a different tack this year and swinging more often in general (his 52.3 percent swing rate is the highest of his career), at pitches both in and out of the strike zone. While his contact rate is no higher than it was in the past, the approach is working for Crawford.

“The more you play in the big leagues, the more you're going to get comfortable,” Crawford said. “And the more you have success, the more comfortable you're going to get. I think with winning a couple World Series, the postseason experience, and having a little bit more success each year, it gives you more confidence and I think that's a big part of hitting. But that being said, I also worked hard with Bam-Bam and our hitting coaches in the cages.”

And while Meulens gives all the credit to the players for putting in the work and having an open mind to his suggestions, he can’t help but notice that there’s a trend of players breaking through their ceilings on the Giants.

“For every one of them, Buster is probably the one guy that everybody expected to be doing what he’s doing,” Meulens said. “And I’m proud, I get excited. It’s gratifying just to see them not only get to their potential, but maximize it, exceeding what people are expecting from them. And there’s more in there for Belt, there’s more in there for Panik, there’s more in there for Duffy. These guys are just showing that they can be consistent and now they’re ready to be All-Stars like Buster and Crawford. Pride, yes, but more gratifying than anything.”

One player who was already a finished product when he arrived in San Francisco is Hunter Pence. But even though he may have already known what to do at the plate, that doesn’t mean he isn’t aware of the impact his hitting coach has had on the team.

“Bam-Bam’s amazing at what he does,” Pence said. “He works differently with everyone because not everyone works the same. It’s a very difficult position to master and he’s unbelievable at helping everyone in little ways here and there. You gotta give a lot of credit to Bam Bam, to [manager Bruce Bochy], to the scouts for identifying that talent that others didn’t see. And to the organization for creating a fertile ground for them to flourish in.”

Crawford echoed Pence’s sentiments that the credit goes beyond the players and Meulens, pointing to the scouts for being able to not only identify quality talent, but a certain attitude and mindset that’s consistent throughout the organization. Everyone in that clubhouse seems to agree that there’s been a culture of accountability—no matter your age or level of experience—built in San Francisco.

“I think most of this team is just good at accepting new guys, bringing them in and treating them like they're veterans,” Crawford said. “We don't treat the rookies any different than the older guys. I think there's a comfort in that, coming up as a rookie, and you can just go out there and play your game.”

Duffy, who is still technically a rookie, came up to the big club late last season. Immediately upon his arrival, the atmosphere that Crawford pointed out to me was made clear to Duffy.

“I remember my first day, Hunter Pence came up to me and said congrats,” Duffy said. “It didn’t have the tone of nice to meet you, whatever. He told me, ‘We’re gonna need you, you have to believe that you’re going to help this team. That’s the reason you’re here, you’re here to contribute and you’re here to help us win games.’ It’s not like you’re filler, you’re not a nobody. You come here right away and they expect you to strap it on and get going. That’s something that was cool because for me it made me get into more of a competitive state of mind instead of kind of feeling my way through being the new guy. I immediately said all right, let’s go and compete and get after these guys. That’s something, it’s an attitude, it’s a big thing. Hunter’s a driving force behind our energy. Everybody knows it’s going to take everybody, and when you have that belief, you have the confidence to go out there as a rookie and say, ‘Alright, I can do this because my teammates think I can. If they can, why can’t I?’”

But being the leader he is in a clubhouse that’s grown accustomed to winning, Pence wasn’t about to act like he’s the reason for anyone’s success.

“I take zero credit for that,” Pence stated. “He’s talented and he’s a good hitter. He knows what he’s doing and he’s smart. He’s just a talented hitter who’s brought a lot to our lineup. I’m proud of this group and the amount of work and effort and will power that these guys have. Every day my goal is to just give as much as I can to help to win. I have no pride in anything other than—I just enjoy being a part of their efforts and being able to give as much as I can.”

All of this has led to a group of players who consistently outperform expectations. Whether it’s the team’s record, individual accomplishments, or the three World Series victories in five years—with their eyes now set on a fourth—they continue to surprise outsiders who struggle to pinpoint how this team succeeds.

Some may have seen this team getting swept in a four-game set against the young, upstart Cubs as a sign that they’re playoff hopes were starting to fade. However, this is an experienced group that’s seen it all over the years.

“We've done that before and come out of it fine,” Crawford said. “We take it game by game—I know that’s such a cliché—but that’s what we do in this clubhouse. We’re not worried about the last few games.”

Being around that group during that short slide, one wouldn’t be able to tell that they were in the midst of an extended losing streak and were falling out of a playoff spot. No heads were hanging, whether it was coaches, veterans, or rookies; the entire group knew they’d bounce back. And Crawford’s words rung true as the team left Chicago and proceeded to win five of their next six games. The Giants may not be able to overtake the Pirates and Cubs, but one thing is clear, they’re not going to make it easy on either of them. This group finds a way to get things done; they find a way to surprise.

Thank you for reading

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Great article. I'm not a huge fan of sports dynasties that aren't my home team (who is??) but credit where credit is due. The Giants are a class organization.
the aristocratic class
Perhaps because I'm a lifelong Giants fan, I was especially excited to see the story. But now that I've read it, I must say I'm disappointed. The author credits the success of Panik, Duffy and Crawford to Meulens. But he notes that the Giants were not known for their hitting during the 2010 and 2012 championship years -- when Meulens was the hitting coach. So why would Meulens be so successful in 2015 and not the earlier years? The author also notes that Brandon Belt has not hit as well as expected. That then begs the question: Why hasn't Meulens been successful with him?

The article focuses on the Giants' young position players. But if the reason for the Giants' success is the great clubhouse chemistry, as the author also seems to suggest, wouldn't that apply to both pitchers and position players? And isn't Baseball Prospectus skeptical of the vaunted chemistry?

What I love from Baseball Prospectus is getting real analysis based on the numbers -- not just quotes from ballplayers that serve as filler to buttress the journalist's point. That's what the mainstream media typically does. This article reads like one of those articles -- the author spots an interesting development (give him credit for that) and quotes players who back up his point. Where's the hard analysis that explains why the Giants' young hitters are doing better than expected this year? If it doesn't exist, then perhaps we just have a fluke event involving a small sample size.

I don't mean to be harsh on the author. He's done great work. But I do believe he's fallen short this time.
Sorry you didn't like the lack of numbers-based analysis, I don't think every article needs it, but I get the desire to see it. I thought the quotes were quality and didn't need a bunch of numbers to clutter things up, but fair enough. A few things I do take issue with though...

I never said the offense was bad in previous years, I just said the pitching is what this team was known for in the past. The fact is, the offense was above-average (average in 2010) when they won championships, but Meulens had actually done a strong job with some lesser talent (Posey was one of the few who had elite talent during that stretch).

I never said Belt hasn't hit as well as expected, I said he's been inconsistent. He's actually produced pretty damn well on offense over the years, and part of that is due to changes and adjustments he's made with Meulens. I didn't cover that because I didn't feel like going 5000 words on the piece and it's something that's already out there in various forms. Belt has been successful and is continuing to adjust to the changes that Meulens has made with him to maximize his potential.

And I wasn't talking about clubhouse chemistry, I was talking about how Pence and other vets made the kids coming up feel comfortable by instantly letting them know that they were needed and weren't just filler. That was specific to the position players. The stuff at the end about the team keeping its head up was just something I noticed and had heard from those around the team. It's something I see more of now that I'm regularly in a clubhouse and how vets guide kids can be an interesting dynamic. This group didn't seem the slightest bit fazed by a rough stretch, that says something to me.

Finally, saying '"isn't Baseball Prospectus skeptical..." is very off base. Baseball Prospectus isn't one single person or even comprised of many people who must agree to be like-minded on every subject. There are those here who believe the mental aspect is overrated, those who think it's crucial to success. There are some who think sticking to the book when it comes to the numbers and advanced analysis is very dangerous as well, obviously there are some who are all about the numbers. I think the fact that we're able to coexist as an eclectic group that is able to think outside the box but also disagree at times is what makes us great. We don't have one way of thinking on any subject, other than being willing to hear multiple points of view (as long as they come from a rational place). And I wasn't talking about clubhouse chemistry. It's not about guys getting along, it's about a mindset, a positive attitude even during the low points, staying even-keeled during the high times as well. That's something I've learned to believe is important for many teams, maybe not essential, but it helps.

And yeah, it all could be a small sample size, but there was enough buzz by people in baseball about Meulens, that I wanted to dig into it without going numbers crazy. Sorry it missed the mark with you, but I hope others enjoyed it.
I enjoyed it!

I appreciate your taking the time to respond -- so many journalists don't -- and I appreciate your comments. It's good to see you note the the diversity of opinion among BP's contributors. My only quibble from your post is I don't see the difference between clubhouse chemistry and what you're describing. Isn't vets making rooks a key component of clubhouse chemistry?
Maybe it's just semantics, but I view clubhouse chemistry as the players getting along, eating dinner together, being buddies, joking around together, all that stuff. I view that as a function of winning. You win, you usually have good chemistry because guys are in a good mood and all those things start to happen (except for perhaps guys being buddies, eating together/hanging out together, that's just randomness, I don't believe that factors into winning. At least not significantly.).

However, I think a positive attitude, a culture often created by the veterans, manager, and coaching staff, is important and different than chemistry. It's about understanding roles, working hard and consistently sticking to a routine, avoiding the extreme highs and lows I mentioned earlier. All that type of stuff. It's not about chemistry, the guys can hate each other for all I care, as long as they understand and strive towards a common goal with a strong work ethic in tow. I have thoughts on negative attitudes/elements affecting chemistry, but I'll leave it at that.

Again, maybe it's just semantics, but to me it's two separate things.
Those earlier Giants teams were very veteran laden. Who's a hitting coach going to be able to have the most impact on? Young guys like the infield outside Belt.

I really appreciated this because I mixed it up with someone at MLBTR who wanted to give POSEY the credit for all the Giants' good hitting, like Meulens' experience with McCutchen in Pittsburgh was nothing, or that he couldn't possibly be a good hitting coach because he was so meh as a ballplayer. This is really the first piece I've seen anywhere giving credit where it is due.
Your essay and follow up comments do alot for me in the balancing of intellectual approaches that are so necessary in
understanding each other.