Welcome aboard, and thank you for joining me for the maiden voyage of the Baseball Prospectus Research Mailbag. This week’s mailbag features two reader questions as well as the answer to a topic Kevin Goldstein pondered on Twitter a few days ago. Along the way, we’ll explore long, contrasting days had by Wilbur Wood and Don Newcombe, the baseball card collection I maintained as a child, and the worst starting pitchers deployed by defending World Series champions on Opening Day.

Feel free to send me a note with your research questions (please remember to include your name and hometown) for possible inclusion in future editions.

How many times in the modern era has a pitcher started and lost both games of a doubleheader?

Andrew Boyer
Longmeadow, MA

Only once, on July 20, 1973, when the White Sox trotted Wilbur Wood out for both ends of a doubleheader against the Yankees in New York. In the first game, Wood surrendered four hits and a walk to the first six batters he faced, all of whom came around to score. Chicago skipper Chuck Tanner lifted Wood before he could record an out, replacing him with swingman Eddie Fisher.

Things weren’t much better for Wood in the nightcap, though he was able to pitch into the fifth inning before giving up a grand slam to Roy White with one out, earning the hook. Ken Fraling relieved Wood with Chicago down by seven runs, and rain washed out the White Sox’s chances for a comeback an inning later, saddling Wood with his second losing decision of the day.

While Wood may be the only hurler to start and lose both games of a doubleheader, two others have taken the mound twice in the same day. On September 6, 1950, Don Newcombe shut out the Phillies on three hits, then came back to toss seven innings later that evening. San Diego’s Al Santorini faced one batter in the first game of a doubleheader against the Astros on May 26, 1971 before Dave Roberts came in to pitch the final eight and two-thirds innings. In the second game, Santorini went six innings, giving up two earned runs on six hits and a pair of walks, but he took the loss in a Larry Dierker one-hitter.

The new Mike (Giancarlo) Stanton got me wonderingthere are, of course, other players who shared the same first and last names. Which name has the best combined stats?

Mike Kastellec
Raleigh, NC

I’ll never forget the temporary confusion I felt as a child when I looked through my baseball card collection and came across this Randy Johnson card from 1983. At that point, it hadn’t occurred to me that two people could possess the same name. Here’s the weird thing, though: that wasn’t even the only non-“Randy Johnson” Randy Johnson playing in the big leagues in 1982! Randy Glenn Johnson made his debut with Atlanta that year, joining Randy Stuart Johnson, then of the Twins, as the only Randy Johnsons of reasonable stature in major league history.

The three Randy Johnsons combined for 94.0 career WARP, good for third place on our list of the Greatest Names of All Time.

Name Count WARP
Ken Griffey 2 113.7
Joe Morgan 2 102.7
Randy Johnson 3 94.0
Frank Thomas 2 91.5
Pete Rose 2 89.2
Billy Williams 2 72.9
Bob Gibson 2 71.1
Pedro Martinez 2 68.3
Tim Raines 2 67.3
Tony Gwynn 2 60.6
Luis Gonzalez 2 53.2
Bernie Williams 2 53.1
Brian Giles 2 50.6
Gary Matthews 2 44.8
George Scott 2 41.7

Father-son pairs dominate the top of the list, but if we limit the search to names with three or more players, the results become a little more interesting.

Name Count WARP
Randy Johnson 3 94.1
Matt Williams 3 41.6
Kevin Brown 3 37.9
Bill White 4 36.7
Al Smith 3 34.3
Dave Roberts 4 25.5
Mike McCormick 3 25.0
Tony Pena 3 19.3
Pat Kelly 3 18.2
Pete O'Brien 3 18.0
Bob Johnson 4 13.7
Bob Miller 4 13.4
Hal Smith 3 10.9
Bill Hall 3 7.6
Tom Gorman 3 6.2

The most common name in major-league history is John Sullivan, though it has appeared only once since 1950. Nine others (Bill White, Dave Roberts, Bob Johnson, Bob Miller, Mike Smith, Tom Hughes, Bob Allen, Bill Smith, Harry Taylor) have have appeared four times apiece. 

Even after the loss of Giancarlo, Mike Stanton is fairly represented in the annals of baseball history, with a pair of relievers combining for 23.0 WARP in 26 seasons between 1975 and 2007.

Frank Thomas leads the way in home runs (807) and walks (2,151), while Ken Griffey is tops with 4,924 hits, 8,338 total bases, and 19,352 plate appearances. The 50 innings thrown by this Ryan Braun in 2006-07 makes last year's National League MVP eligible for this list, and his career 922 OPS is 26 points ahead of runner-up Earl Averill. Dutch Leonard leads the pitchers in wins (328), losses (291), games started (648), and innings pitched (5,410.1). Randy Johnson (4,876) is your strikeout leader, but he places slightly behind Francisco Rodriguez (10.77) in strikeouts per nine innings with 10.61.

Kevin Goldstein
DeKalb, IL

When it was determined that Chris Carpenter wouldn’t be ready for the start of the season, St. Louis manager Mike Matheny named Kyle Lohse the defending champs’ Opening Day starter, opting to start Adam Wainwright in the Cardinals’ home opener a few days later. 

After posting a 6.55 ERA in 2010, Lohse bounced back last year to win 14 games and provide stability to a Cardinals rotation weakened by the loss of Wainwright in spring training. His 1.7 WARP in 2011 and his career 4.64 ERA doesn’t fit the profile of what most would consider an Opening Day-caliber starting pitcher, but is he among the worst to take the ball in game one for the reigning World Series champs?

In short, yes. Lohse’s WARP during the Cardinals’ championship season ranks among the bottom 20 percent of all defending-champion Opening Day starters since 1951:

Year Pitcher Team Previous Season WARP
1966 Claude Osteen Dodgers 0.027
1983 Bob Forsch Cardinals 0.488
1959 Bob Turley Yankees 0.611
2003 John Lackey Angels 0.992
1977 Woodie Fryman Reds 1.295
2009 Brett Myers Phillies 1.342
1963 Ralph Terry Yankees 1.420
1954 Whitey Ford Yankees 1.459
2005 David Wells Red Sox 1.488
1980 Bert Blyleven Pirates 1.605
1992 Scott Erickson Twins 1.618
2012 Kyle Lohse Cardinals 1.715

Fortunately for Lohse, he’ll avoid the honor of “worst Opening Day starter for a Cardinals team defending its World Series title” thanks to Bob Forsch’s 0.5 WARP season for the 1982 champs in which he struck out 2.67 batters per nine innings and owned a 4.64 FRA.

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Interesting article - looking forward to more of this type of information.
I was just wondering about duplicate baseball names now with Fausto Carmona exposed as another Roberto Hernandez.
I didn't realize Fausto had a negative career WARP until now... Roberto 17.29 WARP, "Fausto" -0.33 WARP.
I remember Jerry Reuss began - but did not start - both games for the Dodgers against the Cubs one day at Wrigley. The first game was the completion of an extra-inning affair (from the previous day, I believe). Reuss went four innings and got the win. He then started the regularly-scheduled game 30 minutes later, went five strong, and got the win again.
Baseball Reference has Dutch Leonard at 45.6 WAR and 30.9 WAR (the older one is 30.9) - do they not count because Dutch wasn't their real names?
I'd guess, without looking, that the "Frank Thomas" doppelgangers had the most even split in WARP.
Of the significant ones, yes, I believe you're correct. The Bob Johnsons were close-ish, too, 8.6, 5.8, -0.2 for the three post-1950 players.
I once saw Bob Forsch make a small cameo appearance in a performance of Damn Yankees at the Muni Theater in St. Louis. It was a wonderful surprise.
Where in Sam Jones do they fit?
Why did Santorini only face one batter in the first game? Seems odd.
Thanks for the fun article. I've always thought it odd that the most recent Frank Thomas broke the record for lifetime homers by a White Sox player before he broke the record for most MLB homers by someone named "Frank Thomas."
Surprised Scott Erickson was on the list of low WARPS for opening day starters of defending champs. The year for which his WARP was so low, he won 20 games and had an ERA of 3.18 in over 200 innings.