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August 2, 2010

Contractual Matters

August and Everything After

by Jeff Euston

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As Jose Guillen approached the plate for his first at-bat Saturday night, the Kauffman Stadium crowd greeted him with the sort of enthusiasm usually reserved for an unwanted house guest who has announced he is staying for another week. The non-waiver trade deadline had passed just a few hours earlier, and Kansas City general manager Dayton Moore had not found a taker for his cleanup hitter. As Guillen popped out to right, Royals fans unleashed another round of boos.

But Guillen remains a good candidate to be traded. With few teams willing to add payroll, any player with a significant amount of money left on his contract is likely to clear waivers, allowing his club to work out a deal in the last two months of the season.

The trade deadline had been June 15 before 1986, when it was pushed back to give clubs more time to determine if they were buyers or sellers. As we discussed last month in a breakdown of optional waivers, the transaction rules change after 4 p.m. EST on July 31. In order to deal a player in August or September, a club must first place the player on trade assignment waivers. If the player is not claimed within 47 business-day hours, he may be traded to any club. If the player is claimed, his original club has three choices:

  1. Revoke the waiver request and pull the player back
  2. Work out a trade with the claiming club within 48 ½ business-day hours
  3. Allow the claiming club to take the player and his current contract for a $20,000 fee 

If more than one club claims a player, the club with the lower winning percentage has priority. But American League clubs have priority for AL players, and National League clubs have priority for NL players. If a team pulls a player back, it is free to try to run him through trade waivers again. But any subsequent waiver request is irrevocable. A player with a no-trade clause who is claimed must be pulled back if the player’s no-trade clause allows him to block a deal to the claiming club. However, the player may waive the no-trade clause and join the claiming club. Finally, a player acquired after August 31 is not eligible to be placed on the post-season roster with his new club.

By submitting a claim, a club can ensure that a rival does not acquire a difference-maker in August. But by employing that strategy, a team runs the risk of getting stuck with the contract of a player it doesn’t want. Jose Canseco became a Yankee this way in 2000 when GM Brian Cashman claimed him on trade waivers from Tampa Bay. When the Yankees showed no interest in working out a trade for Canseco, the Devil Rays simply let him go to New York, along with the $1 million in salary left on his contract. A year earlier, the Yankees had claimed Chicago White Sox slugger Frank Thomas, who was in the middle of a massive $64 million contract at the time. After toying with the thought of allowing Thomas and his contract to go to New York, the White Sox pulled him back.

The Padres made an expensive mistake in trying to prevent Atlanta from acquiring Toronto left-hander Randy Myers in August, 1998. The reliever had two more full seasons and $13 million left on his contract. So when San Diego claimed Myers, the Blue Jays gladly let him go. Myers threw just 14 1/3 innings for San Diego in 1998, posting an ERA of 8.26 ERA and –0.8 WARP. He had shoulder surgery in 1999 and did not pitch again.

The White Sox took the biggest waiver gamble last August by claiming Toronto’s Alex Rios, who had six years and $61 million left on his deal. The Jays allowed Rios to go to Chicago, and the outfielder struggled in the season’s final two months. But he has rebounded in 2010, posting a triple slash line of .303/.352/.493 for the White Sox.

Despite the risk in making a waiver claim, adding a veteran in August can help a team in need of a boost for the stretch drive. Last season, the Dodgers acquired starting pitchers Vicente Padilla and Jon Garland, second baseman Ronnie Belliard, and pinch-hitter Jim Thome on the way to the NL West title.

A late-season deal can also pay off down the road. Last August, Minnesota traded for reliever Jon Rauch and starter Carl Pavano, who helped the Twins chase down the Tigers in the AL Central. Both pitchers re-signed with the Twins in the offseason and have become key contributors.

Another strategy—available to clubs before or after July 31—is to acquire a player headed for free agency in hopes of receiving draft-pick compensation if he signs elsewhere. Boston went that route last August, acquiring closer Billy Wagner from the Mets. The Red Sox agreed to pay Wagner’s remaining 2009 salary of $2.5 million, as well as a $1 million buyout due on his 2010 option. The payoff for Boston was a 1.98 ERA and 22 strikeouts in 15 innings from Wagner, who qualified as a Type A free agent, entitling the Red Sox to two additional selections in the 2010 draft. With the 2011 amateur draft hyped as the best in years, players who project to deliver draft-pick compensation provide value for clubs looking to upgrade their farm system.

So what names are candidates for a trade this August?

Starting pitchers

  • Brian Bannister, Kansas City. $2.3 million salary ($800,000 remaining). Two more years of arbitration.
  • Fausto Carmona, Cleveland. $4.9 million salary ($1.7 million remaining, plus $6.1 million in 2011.
  • Jorge de la Rosa, Colorado. $5.6 million salary ($1.9 remaining). Projects as a Type B free agent.
  • Jeremy Guthrie, Baltimore. $3 million salary ($1 million remaining). Two more years of arbitration.
  • Aaron Harang, Cincinnati. $12.5 million salary ($4.3 million and $2 million buyout remaining). Projects as a Type B free agent.
  • Derek Lowe, Atlanta. $35 million remaining through 2012.
  • Kevin Millwood, Baltimore. $15 million salary ($5 million remaining). Projects as a Type B free agent.
  • Ricky Nolasco, Florida. $3.8 million salary ($1.3 million remaining). Two more years of arbitration.
  • Carlos Silva, Cubs. $17.5 million remaining through 2011, with an option for 2012.
  • Carlos Zambrano,,Cubs. $42 million remaining through 2012.

Relief pitchers

  • David Aardsma, Seattle. $2.75 million salary ($940,000 remaining). Two more years of arbitration.
  • Joe Beimel, Colorado: $850,000 ($290,000 remaining). Projects as a Type B free agent.
  • Todd Coffey, Milwaukee. $2.025 million salary ($700,000 remaining). One more year of arbitration.
  • Scott Downs, Toronto. $4 million ($1.3 million remaining). Projects as a Type A free agent.
  • Pedro Feliciano, Mets. $2.9 million salary ($998,000 remaining). Projects as a Type A free agent.
  • Jason Frasor, Toronto. $2.65 million salary ($912,000 remaining). Projects as a Type A free agent.
  • Kevin Gregg, Toronto. $2 million salary ($688,000 remaining, plus $750,000 buyout for 2011. Projects as a Type B free agent.
  • Trevor Hoffman, Milwaukee. $7.5 million ($2.5 million remaining, plus $500,000 buyout). Projects as a Type B free agent.
  • Brandon League, Seattle. $1.08 million ($375,000 remaining). Two more years of arbitration.
  • Carlos Villanueva, Milwaukee. $950,000 salary ($325,000 remaining). Two more years of arbitration.

Corner Infielders 

  • Russell Branyan, Seattle. $1.5 million salary ($516,393 remaining).
  • Adam Dunn, Washington. $12 million salary ($4.13 million remaining). Projects as a Type A free agent.
  • Troy Glaus Atlanta. $1.75 million salary ($602,459 remaining).
  • Brandon Inge, Detroit. $6.6 million salary ($2.27 million remaining). Projects as a Type B free agent.
  • Adam LaRoche, Arizona. $4.5 million salary ($1.55 million remaining, plus $1.5 million buyout for 2011.
  • Derrek Lee, Cubs. $13 million salary ($4.5 million remaining). Projects as a Type B free agent. Full no-trade clause.
  • Mike Lowell, Boston. $12 million salary ($4.13 million remaining). Projects as a Type B free agent.
  • Lyle Overbay, Toronto. $7.95 million salary ($2.74 million remaining).
  • Ty Wigginton, Baltimore. $3.5 million salary ($1.2 million remaining.

Middle Infielders

  • Willie Bloomquist, Kansas City. $1.7 million salary ($585,000 remaining).
  • Adam Kennedy, Washington. $1.25 million salary ($430,000 remaining, plus $500,000 buyout for 2011).
  • Cesar Izturis, Baltimore. $2.6 million salary ($895,000 remaining).
  • Kelly Johnson, Arizona. $2.35 million salary ($809,000 remaining). One more year of arbitration.
  • Julio Lugo, Baltimore. $9 million salary ($3.1 million remaining).

Outfielders

  • Jose Bautista, Toronto: $2.4 million salary ($825,000 remaining). One more season of arbitration.
  • Johnny Damon, Detroit. $8 million salary ($2.75 million remaining). Projects as a Type A free agent.
  • Jim Edmonds, Milwaukee. $850,000 ($290,000 remaining).
  • Jose Guillen, Kansas City. $12 million salary ($4.1 million remaining).
  • Brad Hawpe, Colorado. $7.5 million salary ($2.5 million remaining, plus $500,000 buyout for 2011).
  • Hideki Matsui, Angels. $6 million salary ($2 million remaining). Projects as a Type B free agent.
  • Manny Ramirez, Dodgers. $20 million salary ($6.8 million remaining). Projects as a Type A free agent.
  • Cody Ross, Florida. $4.45 million salary ($1.5 million remaining). One more year of arbitration.
  • Luke Scott, Baltimore. $4.05 million salary ($1.4 million remaining). Two more years of arbitration.
  • Jayson Werth, Philadelphia. $7 million salary ($2.4 million remaining). Projects as a Type A free agent.
  • Josh Willingham, Washington. $4.6 million salary ($1.5 million remaining). One more year of arbitration.

Catchers

  • John Buck, Toronto. $2 million salary ($700,000 remaining). Projects as a Type B free agent.
  • Gerald Laird, Detroit. $3.95 million ($1.3 million remaining).
  • Miguel Olivo, Colorado. $2 million ($700,000 remaining, plus $500,000 buyout). Projects as a Type B free agent.

Jeff Euston is an author of Baseball Prospectus. 
Click here to see Jeff's other articles. You can contact Jeff by clicking here

12 comments have been left for this article. (Click to hide comments)

BP Comment Quick Links

gumley

If Boston is paying Lugo's salary, why would the Orioles have a financial incentive to trade him?

Aug 02, 2010 06:19 AM
rating: 0
 
tommybones

It would be great if you folks kept a running list of players who have passed through waivers and therefore can be dealt.

Aug 02, 2010 07:51 AM
rating: 0
 
Vince Galloro

MLB does not report which players have been placed on contractural waivers nor the outcome of those waiver requests. The best that the site could do is track news reports, and those are not necessarily very reliable, given that they are generally based on nondisclosed sources.

Perhaps a site like MLBtradrumors.com is already keeping track of such news reports. It's probably not a good use of Baseball Prospectus's resources to do this.

Aug 02, 2010 08:04 AM
rating: 3
 
David Schwalb

Great list. Since Type A and B classification doesn't always make sense, this is a great cheat sheet to have.

Aug 02, 2010 08:18 AM
rating: 0
 
Nater1177

Just seems odd that the Yankees have a preferential claim to a player the A's put on waivers over the Pirates.

Aug 02, 2010 09:11 AM
rating: 0
 
harpago17

Awesome title to this piece.

Also a good piece of writing.

Aug 02, 2010 11:07 AM
rating: 1
 
fantasyking

Is there really a chance that Lowe and or Glaus could move? Would the Braves get anything of immediate value in return, or do you believe they'd just dump two current starters (albeit ineffective ones) in the midst of a pennant race?

Aug 02, 2010 11:14 AM
rating: 0
 
jonathanaustin

If someone has a full no trade clause, does that prevent his current team from just letting him go for nothing through waivers?

Aug 02, 2010 11:14 AM
rating: 0
 
jonathanaustin

Sorry - I missed that this was already discussed in the article.

Aug 02, 2010 11:15 AM
rating: 0
 
mglick0718

What happens if a team claims a player and the two sides can't work out a deal in 48.5 hours? Does the waiving team have a final chance to pull him back or is the default that he goes to the claiming team? (I'm envisioning a situation in which the waiving team prefers to work out a trade and will work to the final minute to make it happen, but in the end would rather retain than release the player.)

Aug 04, 2010 11:59 AM
rating: 0
 
BP staff member Jeff Euston
BP staff

Yes, a waiving team can pull the player back from trade waivers if it doesn't like the offer of the claiming club with priority.

But a player claimed on outright waivers automatically goes to the claiming club. Just this week, two players went to new teams on outright waiver claims: Cleveland lost Wes Hodges to Colorado and Detroit lost Jeff Larish to Oakland.

Aug 04, 2010 13:43 PM
 
drawbb

One thing that authors never make clear in this discussion and in the Rule 5 discussion is in which direction the $20K claiming fee is paid.

In the case of Rios, I could see the White Sox being forced to pay Toronto the $20K fee in exchange for making the claim and acquiring a new player--which at first glance seems like it should be the default setting--but I could also envision Toronto being forced to pay $20K to the White Sox in consideration for getting salary relief and escaping the obligation to the player.

Similarly, in the Rule 5 context I would assume the original $50K claiming fee is paid by the player's new team to the old team. What I don't understand is which way the $25K fee is paid if the player is not kept on the new team's 25-man roster all season. Is it paid from the new team to the original team in exchange for being wrong about the player and, therefore, depriving the original team of the player's services for that length of time or is it paid from the original team to the new team as a simple transaction fee to reclaim the player?

Aug 09, 2010 08:21 AM
rating: 0
 
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Premium Article On the Beat: An ex-rel... (08/02)
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