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July 30, 2010

One-Hoppers

Stroke of Luck?

by Ben Lindbergh

Over 6 weeks ago, Craig Brown wrote about Nick Swisher's unlikely batting average. At the time, Swisher was hitting .299. Craig crunched the numbers, and concluded that "Swisher’s days as a .300 hitter are likely in the rearview mirror as his BABIP and line drive rate normalize." Fast-forward to the present. After going 1-for-5 with a double last night against Mitch Talbot and friends, Swisher's average currently stands at—drumroll, please—.299. Contrary to Craig's expectations, the jovial right fielder with the .251 lifetime average remained a .300 hitter as recently as this time yesterday.

I'm not here to quibble with Craig, who came to what was (and probably still is) the most logical conclusion. I'm just curious about what it might take for a skeptical sabermetrician to believe in an improbable performance over a fairly small sample. After all, if there's anyone whose unlikely improvement might not be a mirage, it's Swisher, who started tinkering with his batting stance during the 2009 World Series (of all times), and completed his extreme stance makeover last winter. Not only that, but he reported to camp in the proverbial best shape of his life. So why can't we take the numbers put up by the "new" Swisher on faith?

As a species, we're wired to see a cause for every effect, even where one doesn't necessarily exist. For our early ancestors, it came in handy to suspect a predator behind every rustle in the bushes. Of course, as jaded analysts of a game in which randomness plays a prominent role, we've trained ourselves to resist the temptation to see a mechanical tweak or change in approach behind every fluctuation in batting average. How many times have we heard a simple mechanical explanation advanced for a fleeting improvement, only to watch as the player in question sinks back to his established level, taking his self-assured explanations for success with him?

However, Swisher hasn't just boosted his batting average; along with his look, he's changed his style. The Moneyball draftee has never walked or struck out less frequently in extended action than he has in 2010; according to FanGraphs' plate discipline statistics, Swisher's swinging 9% more often than he did last season, and still making significantly more contact. As a result, he's seeing only 4.04 pitches per plate appearance, compared to his career rate of 4.23. The aforementioned alteration in stance was conceived in order to make Swisher less susceptible to breaking balls; according to FanGraphs' pitch-type values,  Swisher has posted positive values against both sliders and curveballs this season, two pitches against which he's been a below-average performer over the course of his career. It would be easy to attribute these changes to a more closed-off stance, which might have enabled Swisher to commit to swinging earlier and more often. Of course, this could also be little more than a blip; at 29, Swisher is on the old side for a drastic reinvention as a player.

Swisher's BABIP and line-drive rate have fallen since Craig's post (though they remain elevated over their levels in recent years), but his average has not. Moreover, we've long since passed the points at which Russell Carleton discovered that some of the statistics mentioned above stabilize (unsurprisingly, BABIP and batting average aren't included among them). So what say you, constant readers? Do you buy the notion that Swisher's true-talent batting average is higher with one stance than another? How much more likely are you to believe that his improvement this season can be sustained because of the convenient cause with which we've been supplied? And if Swisher's recent success can be traced back to the new way in which he prepares for pitches to arrive, do we need to credit Kevin Long with a win above replacement hitting coach?

Ben Lindbergh is an author of Baseball Prospectus. 
Click here to see Ben's other articles. You can contact Ben by clicking here

Related Content:  Nick Swisher

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