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January 13, 2014

BP Unfiltered

John Axford Tips Well

by R.J. Anderson


John Axford had a tipping problem, according to John Lott's latest. In his first day with the Cardinals following a late-season trade from the Brewers, the coaches took him aside and revealed to him how he'd been telegraphing pitches. They then worked with Axford to make "one little adjustment." That little adjustment worked wonders. After posting a 4.45 ERA and 2.35 strikeout-to-walk ratio in 62 appearances with the Brewers, Axford compiled a 1.74 ERA and 3.67 SO/BB with the Cardinals and improved his whiff rate on sliders. The Indians were impressed enough by his strong finish to add him this winter as their new closer.

While that's all fine and dandy, most of us want to know what Axford was doing that clued in hitters. He declined to say, however, leaving us to our own devices. Pitchers can tip their pitches in a lot of ways, though not all are detected by batters. Some slow their arms or deliveries, others alter their posture, and then there are those who tweak their glove angle or motion. In Axford's case, he did a little bit of everything.

Take the two pitches below from Axford's appearance against the Pirates on May 14, an outing in which he blew a one-run lead:

There are at least three differences between the pitches: 1) the height of the leg kick; 2) the height of the glove; and 3) the angle of the glove. Compare those images to the ones below, from August 31 against the Pirates, and it's like comparing peanut butter and jelly:

Some minor differences remain, but not as numerous or as noticeable as before.

Axford didn't tip his pitches all season. Those tells were absent from his Opening Day appearance, yet were in full bloom by the time Milwaukee visited St. Louis in mid-May. Cardinals hitters, by the way, didn't perform as well against Axford in 2013 as one might suspect, hitting just .241/.353/.310 against the Notre Dame product. (They did walk five times in 34 plate appearances, though, so perhaps there was some value gained from knowing what was coming.)

R.J. Anderson is an author of Baseball Prospectus. 
Click here to see R.J.'s other articles. You can contact R.J. by clicking here

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