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April 18, 2002

The Daily Prospectus

The Daily Prospectus: On the Other Hand...

by Joe Sheehan

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 A lot of people have written in to express their astonishment over Joe Morgan's latest ESPN column. Reduced to its essence, Morgan argues that the ability to reach base isn't the most important skill for a leadoff hitter, nor even the second-most important. The column is filled with old-baseball-player wisdom, and the rationale behind it pretty much comes down to, "because I'm a Hall of Famer, and I say so."

Look, I'm not going to rail on the guy. It's important to focus less on the man--"Joe Morgan is stupid!"--and more on his argument. By all accounts, Joe Morgan is an intelligent guy; he's been wildly successful in two careers, and he does make some cogent observations when broadcasting a game.

I also think he's violently off base here.

Now, I'm not one of BP's math guys, but I figured one way we could test Morgan's ideas would be to see how well certain statistics correlate with run scoring. To that end, I used ESPN.com team stat breakdowns--something you should all check out--to take a look at what each team got from its leadoff spot last year.

It wasn't even close. Leadoff OBP correlates better with run scoring than stolen bases or stolen-base percentage. If you only look at runs scored by leadoff hitters, the ability to run looks a bit better, but leadoff OBP still has the highest correlation to run scoring.

Here's a chart detailing the findings:

 

Pairing                  Correlation

Leadoff OBP/Team Runs .57 Leadoff SB/Team Runs .21 Leadoff SB%/Team Runs .27 Leadoff OBP/Leadoff Runs .58 Leadoff SB/Leadoff Runs .33 Leadoff SB%/Leadoff Runs .32

Some of the more entertaining anomalies:

 

  • The Tigers led all of baseball with 65 steals from the leadoff spot (most of those by Roger Cedeno). They were 13th in leadoff runs and 24th in runs overall. The Devil Rays, third in leadoff steals, were 20th in leadoff runs and 27th in overall scoring.

     

  • The Rangers got just 21 steals from the leadoff spot, 20th in baseball. Nevertheless, the .367 OBP they got from the slot enabled them to finish tenth in leadoff runs, and fourth overall.

     

  • The other Texas team had the largest gap between steals and runs. The Astros got just 12 steals from leadoff hitters all year, yet had their leadoff hitters score 130 runs, second in baseball.

As I write this, I realize that park effects may be playing a role here. Comerica is an excellent pitchers' park, and the two Texas parks favor hitters. Having said that, a peek at last year's EqAs shows that the Tigers and Devil Rays were among the game's worst offensive teams, and the Astros and Rangers among the best, even after considering park factors, so I think these examples are illustrative.

I think it's safe to say that the most important quality for a leadoff hitter is the ability to get on base frequently. Speed is a nice thing to have, but if it's just getting you back to the dugout faster on 70% of your trips to the plate, it's not much of a tool.

--

 

  • As long as I'm picking on ESPN, let me say this: if they're going to insist on blacking out my Extra Innings package on Wednesday evenings, it'd be nice if they'd broadcast baseball in that time slot on at least one of their 14 networks.

     

  • There's another road trip in the offing, as I'm heading up to Sacramento tomorrow. I hope to catch the the RiverCats/51s game at Raley Field on Friday night with a buddy who lives up there. If I'm successful, I'll file a full report Monday.

     

  • To those of you who may have tuned in to MLB Radio this afternoon to listen to me, my apologies. I was bumped at the last minute. The session should be rescheduled for next week, so check our front page for details. 

Joe Sheehan is an author of Baseball Prospectus. 
Click here to see Joe's other articles. You can contact Joe by clicking here

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