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May 25, 2010

You Can Blog It Up

DPOTD: Stan Hack for the Hall of Fame

by Steven Goldman

Dead Player of the Day (Stan Hack Edition)

In which I open the encyclopedia to a random page and riff on what I find.

#24 Stan Hack 3B 1932-1947 (1909-1979)

Cubs fans don’t get a lot of chances to talk about great World Series performances by their heroes. The Cubs have won ten modern pennants. These can be sorted into two major groups with a few one-offs in between: the Frank Chance Years (1906-1908, 1910) and the Gabby Hartnett Years (1929, 1932, 1935, 1938). If you had two classify the remaining two World Series teams, I would group them under Weird War Pennants (1918, 1945). The position player who best performed in the postseason for the first group was Chance himself, who hit .300/.402/.371 in 20 games. Close behind, at .321/.368/.420 in 21 games, was Wildfire Schulte. The best World Series hitter of the Hartnett period, and probably the best postseason Cubs hitter of all, was Stan Hack, who hit .348/.408/.449 in 18 games.

Not a lot has been written about Hack over the years, in spite of the fact that “Smilin’ Stan” was a handsome, popular idol in his day and was a terrifically good player. Sometimes a player can be popular, an All-Star (five times in Hack’s case), and a postseason regular—not many career Cubs could boast of playing in four World Series, or any—and still not be well-remembered beyond the fact that he played. Yet, Hack was very good, the best, most consistent third baseman of his time. A career .301/.394/.397 hitter with speed, Hack was a natural and effective leadoff man and by reputation an excellent fielder. His resume reminds one of a more consistent Chone Figgins. He scored over 100 runs seven times, and took 85 or 90 walks a year. He somehow never led the league but ranked in the top five in walks seven times. More significantly, he did lead his league in times on base three times, and was a top ten finisher in OBP eight times. His game lacked only power; despite playing in Wrigley Field, he hit only 57 home runs. Despite that, he still stacks up quite well with the great third basemen, compiling a career .297 TAv:

HOT CORNER FACTORYMEN: ALL-TIME THIRD BASEMEN RANKED BY TRUE AVERAGE (5000 PA min.)

Name

AVG

OBP

SLG

TAv

1. Eddie Mathews

.273

.378

.515

.319

2. Chipper Jones

.306

.404

.543

.316

3. Mike Schmidt

.267

.381

.527

.314

4. Al Rosen*

.285

.384

.495

.302

5. Wade Boggs

.327

.415

.443

.301

6. Stan Hack

.301

.394

.396

.297

7. George Brett

.314

.377

.505

.296

8. Bob Elliott

.294

.384

.457

.295

9. Home Run Baker

.307

.363

.442

.294

9. Scott Rolen

.284

.370

.498

.294

9. Ron Santo

.279

.366

.472

.294

12. Howard Johnson

.253

.341

.457

.290

*Al Rosen fell a little short on the PA requirement, but it’s my blog post and I say he stays.

It is entirely appropriate that we make Hack the standard-bearer for his generation of postseason Cubs, as Chicago’s bugaboo ever since his day has been patience and getting on base. Only nine Cubs in modern franchise history have drawn 100 walks in a season, and just four of those seasons came after World War II. Hack remains the Cubs’ career leader in walks drawn, 63 years after he last played.

Hack’s developmental story is fairly simple. After some hesitation about embracing a pro career which saw him take a bank job out of high school and reduce his ballplaying to semi-pro games on weekends, he made his pro debut at the highest level of the minor leagues, breaking in with the Sacramento Senators of the Pacific Coast League in 1931. He hit .352 in 164 games, and Bill Veeck, Sr., then running the Cubs, said, “Holy Moly!” and bought him for $40,000. He played part-time with the Cubs in 1932 but wasn’t ready, hitting .236/.306/.365, and was farmed out to Albany of the International League for most of 1933. There, he hit .299/~.396/.419, earning his way back to the majors.

In the Putnam history of the Cubs, Warren Brown wrote that “one of [Hack’s] many claims to baseball fame is that he is the only cub of his time who didn’t have fans or sports writers mad at him at one time or another. No one is ever mad at Hack, nor is Hack ever mad at anyone.” This wasn’t quite true. The only moment of real conflict or controversy in Hack’s career came after the 1943 season, when he retired to raise cattle at 33 because he disliked playing for then-manager Jimmie Wilson. Fortunately, Wilson was fired 10 games into the 1944 season and replaced by a skipper more amenable to Hack, his friend and former teammate “Jolly Cholly” Grimm. Hack unretired. Grimm gave him a few pinch-hitting appearances before returning him to the lineup in late June. According to “The New Era Cubs” by Eddie Gold and Art Ahrens, “Grinning like a Cheshire cat, Grimm hauled Stan out of the dugout in a wheelbarrow and dumped him on third base.” Hack had one more strong season in 1945, but the effects of a broken finger in 1946 hastened his slipping into part-time play and permanent retirement.

Hack never received much support from Hall of Fame voters, and his candidacy probably wasn’t helped by his three seasons as manager of miserable Cubs teams from 1954 to 1956. On the positive side, he presided over the integration of the Cubs; Ernie Banks and Gene Baker played briefly under Hack’s old teammate Phil Cavarretta in September, 1953, but Hack handled their full-season debuts. Hack’s ascension was unusual as well; Cavaretta became the first manager in history to be canned in spring training, ostensibly for giving the owner too honest an answer to the question, “How are we going to do this year?” Hack wasn’t handed a great deal to work with. The defensive alignment he inherited had 31-year-old Ralph Kiner and his bad back in left, the 35-year-old Frank Baumholtz in center, and 37-year-old Hank Sauer in right. Kiner and Sauer could hit, but there must have been a good number of triples hit against the Cubbies that year.

In the 1935 World Series, the Tigers led the Cubs 3-2 going into the sixth game at Detroit. The game was tied 3-3 going to the top of the ninth inning. Hack led off the frame against Tommy Bridges and launched a ball to deep center, past center fielder Gee Walker for a triple. Bridges, the subject of a previous DPOTD, struck out Billy Jurges, got pitcher Larry French—who Grimm controversially (and rather idiotically) allowed to bat for himself—to tap back to the mound, and induced a harmless fly to left field from Augie Galan to end the inning. Hack, already at his position, simply picked up his glove and got ready to field in the bottom of the ninth—when the Tigers scored the Series-winning run.

Flash forward six years, and Hack is in the All-Star game, leading off for the National League. The game is held at Detroit. Arriving at the ballpark, Hack went out to check on third base. “Just wanted to see if I was still standing here waiting for somebody to drive me home,” he said.

Steven Goldman is an author of Baseball Prospectus. 
Click here to see Steven's other articles. You can contact Steven by clicking here

Related Content:  Cubs,  The Who

6 comments have been left for this article. (Click to hide comments)

BP Comment Quick Links

BP staff member Jay Jaffe
BP staff

Hack's a bit outside the zone of a Hall of Famer, at least according to JAWS, though it's worth noting that both the BBWAA and VC have chased worse candidates. His 63.1/43.0/53.1 score is better than five of the 11 HOF third basemen (Jimmy Collins, Brooks Robinson, Pie Traynor, Freddie Lindstrom and George Kell) but well short of the positional standard 71.8/47.1/59.5 on both career and peak.

Non-HOF third basemen who outdo him on the JAWS scale include Scott Rolen, Ron Santo, Chipper Jones, Edgar Martinez, Robin Ventura, Heinie Groh and Ron Cey, with Darrell Evans and Ken Boyer just below him. So: he'd hardly be the worst HOF hot cornerman, but he's not distinguished enough to stand out from a pack of players who similarly fall short.

May 25, 2010 10:16 AM
 
HonusCobb

There could probably be a good argument for Hack to be in the Hall of Fame if he really was the best 3B of his time. Another thing to consider is that I believe there are fewer 3B in the Hall of Fame than any other position. Ron Santo certainly belongs. But I haven't exactly examined Hack. Good random page land.

May 25, 2010 10:18 AM
rating: 0
 
HonusCobb

Wouldn't Edgar Martinez be considered a DH before 3B? He played over 1400 games at DH and in the 500s at 3B. That being said, Martinez should totally be in the HOF. Especially as a DH.

May 25, 2010 10:24 AM
rating: 0
 
BP staff member Steven Goldman
BP staff

I didn't consider him a 3B, limiting my selection to guys with 1000 games and/or 5,000 PAs.

May 25, 2010 10:34 AM
 
dcarroll

I enjoyed this article, as well as others in the series. But I was surprised to see Eddie Mathews ahead of Mike Schmidt in TAv. Is this due to park effects?

May 25, 2010 15:18 PM
rating: 0
 
BP staff member Steven Goldman
BP staff

It's a very small difference, and I would suspect it's mostly park factors (Milwaukee County was tough, and Mathews also had his rookie year at Braves Field, another tough stadium) partially Schmidt's not-quite-ready rookie year, which was a .257 TAv, something Mathews never did.

The thing that flat-out most shocked me in compiling the list of 3B TAvs is that Richie Hebner ranks 18th at .284. He was a decent hitter for a long time, but I never thought of him as being THAT good. Parenthetically, the rest of the top 20 after Hojo is Ron Cey, Bill Madlock, Darrell Evans, Troy Glaus, Hebner, Ken Boyer, and Ken Caminiti... In a couple of years, Alex Rodriguez will jump in there somewhere, as will David Wright.

May 26, 2010 01:25 AM
 
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